Page 1 - Cystoscopy
P. 1

Urological Health


        Cystoscopy allows the visual examination of the bladder and its outlet as part of the

           he investigation of urinary tract problems often       filled with sterile water and special lenses are used
        Trequires visual examination of the bladder and           to examine every part of its lining. The prostate and
        its drainage system. This examination is called a         urethra are also examined, if appropriate.
                                                                  The entire examination normally takes no more than
        Cystoscopy may be performed in your urologist’s           a few minutes and you should be able to resume
        examination room or at your local hospital. The           your usual activities immediately, unless an anesthetic
        location, date and time of the cystoscopy will be         is required. In this case, you will be monitored until
        specified so that you can make any necessary              your anesthetic has worn off completely. The use
        arrangements.                                             of an anesthetic requires that you arrange to be
                                                                  driven home due to its potential prolonged sedating
        The examination                                           effects. You should be able to resume all of your usual
                                                                  activities by the next day.
        On the day of your examination you may be asked
        to undress and put on a gown. A nurse will ask
        you a few questions and explain the examination                    The male and female urinary tracts
        procedure. At the appropriate time, you will be taken
        to an Examination Room where you will lie down
        on a special bed. Your legs may be elevated and                                              kidney
        supported in stirrups.

        Cystoscopy is performed using sterile technique. This
        means that care is taken to prevent any bacteria from                            ureters
        entering the bladder and causing infection. Before
        the examination begins, an antiseptic solution is used
        to clean the genital area, which is then covered with
        a sterile sheet.

        Local anesthetic – “freezing jelly” – may be applied to
        the urinary passage (urethra) to numb its lining. During                                  bladder
        the cystoscopy, you will be awake and may feel
        something, but any discomfort should be tolerable.                                        urethra
                                                                                        Front view
        If additional tests are planned, your urologist may
        recommend that you receive an anesthetic. In these               bladder                            uterus
        cases, another specialist doctor, the anesthesiologist,          prostate                          bladder
        will explain how you will be kept comfortable with               urethra           Roula Drossis
        sedation or by being “put to sleep.” You will be asked                                             urethra
        not to eat or drink anything for a number of hours
        before your cystoscopy if an anesthetic is to be used.                  Male side view  Female side view

        Cystoscopy is performed by passing a narrow tube
        (the cystoscope) through the urinary opening, along
        the urethra into the bladder. It is important that you                               Continued on next page
        relax during the examination. The bladder is then
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