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Urological health


        Cystoscopy lets your urologist see into your bladder and its opening to examine and treat
        different problems that affect the urinary tract.

        What is cystoscopy?                                              The male and female urinary tracts

        •  If it is necessary to see inside your bladder and urinary
          tract, your urologist will do an examination called                                       kidney

        •  Your urinary tract is the system that removes urine
          from your body. (See diagram: The male and female                            ureters
          urinary tracts)

        •  A tool like a small camera on a                                            Roula Drossis
          thin tube (called a cystoscope)
          is used to see inside your
          bladder and the urinary tract.

        •  Cystoscopy can be done in your                                                        bladder
          urologist’s office or in hospital   Cystoscope                                         urethra
                                                                                       Front view
        •  You will be told where the exam will be done, the
          date and time.                                              bladder                            uterus

        •  You will need to plan for a ride home if you have a        prostate                          bladder
          general anesthetic. (See section “What happens              urethra                           urethra
          after cystoscopy?”)
                                                                              Male side view  Female side view
        What happens before the cystoscopy?
                                                                  •  During the cystoscopy, although you will be awake
        •  On the day of your examination, you may be asked         and may feel something, any discomfort should be
          to undress and put on a hospital gown.                    manageable.
        •  You will be asked a few questions and be told about     •  Your anesthesiologist will explain your options:
          the examination.                                          –  A “local” anesthetic (“freezing jelly”) is put into your
                                                                      urethra to numb its lining – most often used in
        •  When all is ready, you will be taken to a room to lie          simple cystoscopies
          down on a special bed.
                                                                    –  A light sedation (feeling very relaxed but awake)
        •  Your legs may be lifted and put into stirrups.
                                                                    –  general anesthetic (being “put to sleep”)
        •  For the cystoscopy, everything is thoroughly cleaned
          to stop any bacteria from getting into the bladder      •  If extra tests are planned for the cystoscopy, your
          and causing infection.                                    urologist may recommend either light sedation or
                                                                    general anesthetic.
        •   Before the examination begins, a sterilized mixture is
          used to clean the genital area, which is then covered    •  For a general anesthetic, you will be asked not to eat
          with a sterilzed sheet.                                   or drink anything for a few hours before your

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